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What are compulsory purchase and statutory rights? This is when the Government, Local Council or Utility Company has the legal right to buy or take rights over your private property if it is required for such projects as:
- airport expansions
- housing developments
- electricity pylons and cables
- flood defence works
- sewer, water or gas pipe schemes
- rail or road building projects
- re-development or improvement of the area
Different compulsory purchase or statutory powers are needed to implement the above schemes and will usually require the Secretary of State's consent. For example, water pipes are laid under statutory rights under the Water Industry Act 1991 and a road bypass will have its own compulsory purchase order through the Acquisition of Land Act 1981.
In all cases, the owners and occupiers of the properties to be acquired or affected by the scheme will be served Notices, with differing expiry times. All the schemes provide compensation to owners and occupiers directly affected by the scheme.